Thursday, November 27, 2008

28 Reasons To Ride A Bike

As part of the Orlando Bike Path Project the UCF’s Environmental Management Committee has listed 28 reasons to ride a bike. While you will see Orlando referenced in a few of the explanations. All of these apply aptly to Jacksonville or any other city for that matter.

1. Increase in local property values.

A May 14, 2002 release reports that a recent National Association of Realtors (NAR) and National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) survey of 2000 homebuyers ranked a trail as "the second most important neighborhood amenity for homebuyers." "Only highway access (44%) ranked higher, and 16 other amenities including parks, shopping, nearby day care, business centers, ball fields and security ranked lower" the release reports. It goes on to say that "Gopal Ahluwalia of NAHB said trail access became a popular amenity within the last five years and possibly before then.... When we do surveys, it ranks up pretty high--in the top five---all the time.... [The number two ranking of trails] was consistent across all regions and demographics of the population" (Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, 2002).

Summarizing fifteen studies, researchers reported in a National Park Services book that "property values are higher adjacent to paths or trails, that homeowners and real estate agents believe that trails have either positive or no adverse effects on property values, that parks and greenbelts may increase property tax revenues, or that developers or builders may benefit from the presence of trails." (Lindsey, p. 8).

Increase in property values is evident in the model bicycling community of Davis, California. With a population of about 60,000, Davis built an extensive off-road path system beginning several decades ago. Property values increased substantially.

2. Correlation with Overall Wealth.

Orlando seeks to become a world-class economy by 2020. It is instructive to look at correlations that exist elsewhere between strong, world-class economies and car travel.

Reduced driving actually increases local business development because most economic inputs to driving--vehicle, parts, and fuel--come from outside a region. As Litman observes, "[M]oney saved by reduced driving tends to provide net economic development benefits" (1999, December 1).

Tamim Raad, a research associate with the Institute for Science and Technology Policy (ISTP) in Perth, Australia, summarizes the relationship between car dependency and the economy in an article titled "Cars and Progress: Our Economy Is Facing Auto-Asphyxiation":

The notion that more cars equals more wealth is really more myth than reality. In fact, some new research shows that high and increasing levels of car dependence actually harms an economy. In a report to the World Bank, researchers from the Institute for Science and Technology Policy (ISTP) in Perth, Australia showed that there are "diseconomies" associated with car use. Auto dependence can drain an economy of its wealth….

It found that, among cities in the developed world, regional wealth (as measured by per capita gross regional product - or GRP) actually goes down as car use go up. In other words, the more we drive, the poorer we get....

The global comparison is ... illuminating. Cities such as Zurich,
Frankfurt, Amsterdam, Stockholm, Tokyo and Paris all have a much higher use of public transport than any American, Canadian or Australian city. Yet they build fewer roads and own fewer cars. They have much higher bike use. They have roughly half the transportation deaths. They spend less on getting to work. They emit a fraction of the CO2.

And, oh yes, they're richer.

Europe's 11 principal cities average 390 cars per 1000 people and have an average GRP of US$32,000 per capita. Meanwhile, the USA's 10 principal cities average 600 cars per 1000 people with a GRP of only $27,000. Tokyo's average car ownership is a paltry 225 while its GRP soars at $37,000.

More spending on cars does not create wealth. It just transfers money elsewhere. Often that elsewhere is outside your local economy. Last time I checked, my home town didn't have an oil or car industry. And buying Ford and GM seems isn't making Detroit, MotorCity USA, any richer. Excessive spending on cars and their infrastructure merely means less money in your pocket and your economy that can be used for productive things.

The car's contribution to the urban economy is as much evil as it is
unnecessary. We don't need more car-based planning bleeding our cities of their vitality and wealth. We need cities that not only make more social
and environmental sense, but more economic sense too (Bolding added; 1998).

As shown in the introduction to this paper, passenger trips by bicycle in these wealthy countries illustrate the compatibility of bicycling and a good economy:

Netherlands 28%
Japan 20%
Denmark 18%
Switzerland 15%
(Parker, 1996).

3. Less Public Money Is Needed To Create a High Quality Transportation System.

An urban freeway costs about 2500 times more per mile than an urban cycleway according to John Button's How to Be Green, in the Australian Edition published by Random Century Hutchinson Australia Pty Ltd. (Cited in Bicycle activism press release kit). The cost per mile for a 10-foot paved multi-use path is listed as $92,000 in the Fall 2000 issue of The Virginia Cyclist:

10-foot shared use path $92,000 per mile
4-foot bike lane on each side with curb and gutter $270,300 per mile
5-foot bike lane on each side with mountable curb $281,100 per mile
Wide curb lane (2 feet extra on each side) $48,600 per mile
4-foot paved shoulder on each side of the road $69,200 per mile
Share the Road sign $218 each
Bike Lane sign $90 each
Bike Route sign $131 each

In discussions on November 11, 2002 with planners at the 16th National Trails Symposium in Orlando, the cost estimate was $100,000.

4. High-Tech Business Is Attracted by a Perceived Better Quality of Life

It has been demonstrated that well-educated, high-tech professionals will cycle for transportation if bikeways are convenient, comfortable, attractive and safe. Orlando would attract high-tech workers with a cycling transportation system because "Today's ‘amenity-based’ economy allows young high-tech workers to pick where they live based on the city's quality of life. Traditionally, employees were transferred to cities by their companies" (Copeland, 2002). The Little Econ Greenway Commuter Cycling Project would be particularly helpful in realizing Mayor Dyer's plan to attract leaders in the digital arts, who would have ready access by trail to UCF with its digital arts and related academic programs and the culturally rich Rollins and Winter Park area.

5. Improved Personal Finances

The cost of traffic congestion in Orlando has been figured at over $1200 per peak roadway traveler or $575 per person per year, the 11th highest of almost 80 US urban areas (Schrank, 2002). The per household cost is $1495 (Chairman Richard T. Crotty’s Transportation Commission, 2002, p. 79). This is not surprising considering that we are listed as having the eighth highest percentage gain in journey-to-work travel times between 1990 and 2000 (Copeland, 2002) and have been designated by the Sierra Club as the number one “sprawl” city in our size range.

The Surface Transportation Policy Project makes the following point derived from Barabara McCann’s 2000 publication Driven to Spend: The Impact of Sprawl on Household Transportation Expenses:

[H]ouseholds in more automobile dependent communities devote more than 20% of household expenditures to surface transportation ($8,500 annually), while those in communities with more diverse transportation systems spend less than 17% (under $5,5000 annually). Although these may be offset by higher housing costs in urban areas with more balanced transportation, motor vehicle expenditures provide little long-term economic benefit: $10,000 spent on motor vehicles provides just $910 in equity, compared with $4,730 for the same investment in housing (McCann, 2000). This suggests that shifting consumer expenditures from motor vehicles to investments such as housing, education or savings can increase personal wealth (Surface Transportation Policy Department).

While establishing the indirect costs of congestion requires complex calculations, direct payments out of family budgets are easier to quantify. Transportation is presently the second largest item in the average family budget. Because of our high car ownership and use rates, Americans spend more on transportation than others spend. According to the 1997 Consumer Expenditure Survey, 18.5% (19.4% in the South) of total household expenditures went toward transportation, with 94% of this on automobiles (Litman, 2002, August 2, p. 4).

A good bicycle costs about 2% to 3% as much as a car, needs no fuel, no insurance, minimal maintenance, and uses free or nearly free parking. A well-maintained bicycle may not depreciate at all.

6. Better Physical Health

Despite our prodigious resources, Americans are not as healthy as people in many other countries. Heart disease, addictions, drug dependency and diabetes are among our high-incidence health problems. Urban driving exacerbates these disorders, while bicycling is preventive or therapeutic for all of them. Bicycling develops balance, coordination, and strength. It tones the body, burns calories, improves LDL and HDL readings, and strengthens the bones.

A multitude of agencies, from the World Health Organization to the Centers for Disease Control, report on health problems resulting from a lack of exercise, and on a lack of exercise opportunities as an underlying cause:

· Richard J. Jackson, director of the CDC's National Center for Environmental Health writes, "We are coming to the conclusion that land use, urban design and the built environment are much larger factors in public health than people have really appreciated" (Montgomery, 2001, p.CO1).

· The World Health Organization cites lack of physical activity as a major risk factor for heart disease, "the leading cause of mortality in the developed world," and cites benefits of regular physical activity:
1. 50% reduction in the risk of developing coronary heart diseases (i.e. a similar effect to not smoking);
2. 50% reduction in the risk of developing adult diabetes;
3. 50% reduction in the risk of becoming obese;
4. 30% reduction in the risk of developing hypertension;
5. 10/8 mm Hg decline in blood pressure in hypertensive subjects (i.e. a similar effect to that obtained from anti hypertensive drugs).
6. Other effects include reduced osteoporosis, relief of symptoms of depression and anxiety, and the prevention of falls in the elderly (Parker, 2001).
· The British Medical Association in the 1992 Oxford University Press book Cycling Towards Health and Safety calculates the benefit to risk ratio of cycling to be 20:1. They recommend radical changes in transportation policy to make both health and environmental benefits of cycling into realities.

· The 1995 report Pedaling Health--Health Benefits of a Modal Transport Shift advocates bicycling to decrease blood pressure, cholesterol, the risk of heart disease, and obesity. Like the British Medical Association book above, this study concludes that the physical risk of accidents while cycling is greatly outweighed by the health benefits (Roberts, 1995).

· A major study concluded, "Regular walking and cycling are the only realistic way that the population as a whole can get the daily half hour of moderate exercise which is the minimum level needed to keep reasonably fit” (Litman, 2002, November 18, p. 5).

· The Australian Department of Environmental Protection and Bike West Cycling 100 Trial was a twelve-month experiment in which a hundred people volunteered to commute part of the time by bike. At the end of the year, the cyclists had improved physical work capacity and aerobic fitness, had a lower risk of heart attack and stroke, and significant improvement in both LDL and HDL readings (Department of Environmental Protection, 1999).

· Assessing effects over a longer span of time, a frequently cited Copenhagen study of over 30,000 people ranging in age from 20 to 93 took place over 14.5 years and found that bike commuting an average of 3 hours per week decreased risk of mortality by about 40% over the control group that did not bike (Andersen, 2000).

· Kevin Heber of Hoosier Rails to Trails Council writes in a November 15, 2002 email that there is a study that shows people participate more in their chosen form of exercise solely because of the availability of a particular trail. A study synopsis is on-line (Indiana University News Release, 2002).
· Georgia Institute of Technology and the US Centers for Disease Control provide a synthesis of the literature on the relationship between physical activity and community design in "How Land Use and Transportation Systems Impact Public Health: A Literature Review of the Relationship Between Physical Activity and Built Form" (Frank, Undated).

Improving health will lessen the impact of the growing health care crisis and decrease the money we spend on prescription drugs.
Central Florida has a good climate and terrain for cycling. Rain, lightning, and heat are seasonable, predictable, and manageable. Florida's rain can be handled with breathable rain-repellent gear and well-designed commuter executive clothing carriers; cycling in lightning storms can be avoided; and the breeze generated by cycling offers protection from heat, as does a tree canopy. In our four hottest months—June, July, August and September, the temperatures average below those in Davis, California, a town with a 22-28% cycling rate. In May and September combined, Davis is cooler than Orlando by an average of 2.7 degrees, and in July and August, it is hotter by an average of 3.8 degrees (Normal Daily Mean Temperatures). It has been observed that once people get used to cycling, they choose to cycle longer distances and in worse weather.

7. Better Mental and Emotional Health

Depression, violence, stress, and attention deficit disorder are common problems in the US. Exercise and nature are therapeutic for these mental and emotional disorders. Driving stresses; bicycling relaxes. Road rage is set off by car traffic, not bicycles.

8. Fewer Overweight and Obese Citizens

As reported in Science Magazine, there is an urgent need to push back against the environmental forces that are producing gradual weight gain in the population (Hill, 2003). About 64% of Americans are overweight or obese. In Florida, 18.1% of residents are obese (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion). According to the World Health Organization, the obesity epidemic is among the top ten global health problems, but the medical profession reportedly has neither the knowledge nor the incentive to combat obesity (Kelner, 2003).

Rates of obesity among US children show a pattern of alarming increase, as the table below documents.

AGE 1963-70 71-74 76-80 88-94 99-00
6-11 years 4% 4% 7% 11% 15%
12-19 years 5% 6% 5% 11% 15%

(National Center for Health Statistics, 2000).

Being overweight negatively impacts health in many ways. Its correlation with one disease, diabetes, is reported in a January 2003 article in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA):

In a study published in the January 1, 2003, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), CDC reported that obesity climbed from 19.8 percent of American adults to 20.9 percent of American adults between 2000 and 2001, and diagnosed diabetes (including gestational diabetes) increased from 7.3 percent to 7.9 percent during the same one-year period. The increases were evident regardless of sex, age, race and educational status.
"Obesity and diabetes are among our top public health problems in the United States today," said HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson. "The good news is that diabetes and other chronic illnesses can be prevented with modest lifestyle changes. As we enter a new year, it is a great opportunity for all Americans to be active and healthy."
Currently, more than 44 million Americans are considered obese by body mass index, reflecting an increase of 74 percent since 1991. During the same time frame, diabetes increased by 61 percent, reflecting the strong correlation between obesity and development of diabetes. Today an estimated 17 million people have diabetes in the United States. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention & Health Promotion, 2003).
The "epidemic" of weight problems and associated diseases such as diabetes and some cancers, can be brought under control with cycling. This will improve productivity as well as self-image and the way others around the globe view us.

9. More Free Time

Most Americans suffer from not having enough free time. Of all national work forces, Americans put in the highest number of hours of work per year. Combining commute time with exercise frees up time for other pursuits.

10. More Beauty

Riding a bicycle under flowering shade trees along a quiet path edged with native vegetation contrasts starkly with our present F-rated, built up roads and the proposed widened I-4 with 35 foot high noise barriers along portions of the outside lanes, barriers setting off express lanes, and light rail with overhead lines in the middle.

11. Greater Mobility

We live in America's number one medium-sized sprawl city as designated by the Sierra Club; not surprisingly, the auto no longer gives us the mobility it promises. Clogged roads often mean averaging the speed of horse-drawn carriages without the sense of mobility and safety they afford. In contrast, bicycles on paths can maintain a steady speed, permeate areas cars cannot, and be readily parked on arrival near a destination, affording greater mobility.

12. Inclusion of Senior Citizens

The physical danger, emotional stress and liability that come with driving in the metropolitan Orlando area keep many senior citizens off the road who are able and eager to run errands, go to work, visit friends, and exercise on bike trails. An email from the bike/pedestrian/elderly mobility coordinator for Phoenix, an area of three million people, described their recent "Senior Trail Day" as "an amazing success." Eight cities hosted it, and the coordinator wrote, "This is an untapped target audience" (DeCindis, 2002). With off-road cycling paths, seniors here will be enthusiastic and grateful cyclists, just as they are in Europe. They should be included in transportation options through safe and appealing cycling opportunities.

13. More Equitable Living for Low Income Earners

Bike paths are more equitable than roads. Transportation costs nationally for households earning less than $20,000 are 25% of their income (Litman, 2002, August 2). Cycling is an excellent alternative to car ownership with its attendant purchase, depreciation, maintenance, and residential and sometimes off-site parking costs. It is also more healthful and often faster than public transit.

14. Increased Sense of Community

People in cars are isolated from each other, but people on bicycles readily strike up conversations with neighbors or other commuters. This fosters a sense of community in both neighborhoods and workplaces. Litman cites several studies that show this is true in neighborhoods (2002, August 2, pp. 16-17).

15. Individual Opportunities for Safer Travel

The most telling statistics are those on large numbers of people using off-road facilities. See the data in section 2 under Off-Road Paths vs On-Road Lanes.

An aware and careful cyclist riding in Orlando on trails and European style paths can avoid the threats in traffic posed daily by drivers. Statistics, however, show that accident risks for cycling, measured on the basis of trips, distance, or hours, exceed those for driving in the US and elsewhere. (However the health benefits of cycling on the average outweigh the risks, according to the British Medical Association, 20 to 1.) High crash and casualty rates for cyclists and pedestrians in the US result, in part, because most cyclists use on-road lanes or sidewalks, neither of which are optimal places to cycle, and because people with particular risk factors tend to use these modes, including children, the homeless, people with disabilities, alcoholics whose drivers’ licenses have been revoked, and elderly people. A skilled and responsible adult who shifts from driving to non-motorized travel is likely to experience less additional risk than these average values suggest (Litman, 2002 November 18, p. 13).

Road travel in Orlando is not safe. The Orlando area death rate has been reported as 17.2 or 18.8 traffic deaths per 100,000 population for 2000, either way the highest rate in the nation (Road, 2001 reported 17.2; Naples, 2001 reported 18.8). In the Netherlands in 1998 with bicycling at 28% of all trips and no helmet use, the rate was 7.5 traffic deaths per 100,000 population, down from their peak road death rate of 24.7 deaths per 100,000 in 1972. (Parker, 2001). About 3000 people die in traffic accidents each year on Florida's roads. Litman points out that traffic accidents "continue to be the greatest single cause of deaths and disabilities for people in the prime of life” (2002).

Cycling and walking in Orlando also is not safe. Repeatedly, we have been the most dangerous city in the country for pedestrians (Surface Transportation Policy Project). Orlando was ranked by Mean Streets as the most dangerous city in the country for bicyclists and pedestrians with a danger index rating of 95; the next three most dangerous cities had indexes of 87, 78, and 65 (Florida sustainable, 1998). In 2001, of the 107 bicycle fatalities in Florida, 7 were in Orange County.

Two of the eight most dangerous intersections in Florida are in Orlando according to State Farm (State Farm).

In the future, transportation it is predicted will become even more dangerous. According to the World Health Organization, road traffic accidents, which in 1990 were the ninth leading “cause of death and disease,” will climb by 2020 to the third leading cause.

16. Less Congested Roads

Every person who opts to travel on a bicycle instead of taking a three thousand pound vehicle to go somewhere is--as the bicyclists' T-shirts say--"One Less Car." Bicyclists improve not only their own quality of life, but also the quality of life for those behind the wheel.

By one estimate "reducing the number of cars by 10% during peak hour will increase average car speed by approximately 10km/hr, which will reduce travel times by about 25%" (Guide, 1988). This is important because traffic congestion is the number one quality-of-life complaint of Americans.

17. Safer, Quieter Neighborhoods

Some once-quiet two-lane neighborhood roads are plagued with motorists trying to circumvent congestion. This has led to controversial new "traffic calming" techniques. It would be beneficial to get rid of some of the auto traffic altogether.

18. More Resources for Public Use

Per mile, a 12-foot wide bike path costs about 5% as much as a 12-foot wide road to construct. A bike weighs just one one-hundredth what a typical car weighs--27 in comparison to 2700 pounds, and when moving takes up just 3.3% to 5% as much space as a moving car and five percent of the parking space. As a result, the construction and maintenance of bicycle paths and parking places is--commuter mile for commuter mile--vastly less expensive. (These figures are derived in part from Cycling in the City, CROW--the Dutch Centre for Research and Contract Standardization in Civil and Traffic Engineering, Netherlands, 1993 and Lester Brown, Eco-Economy, W.W. Norton and Company, 2001, p.199).

Another way of stating the savings appears in the Dutch Bicycle Master Plan:

Infrastructure for bicycle travel costs an average of two to three cents per kilometer cycled. Each kilometer covered by a passenger in urban public transport costs around forty cents subsidy on average, just to cover shortages on operation costs. Moreover, investments in facilities for bicycle traffic appear to be able to pay for themselves in the long run (Netherlands Ministry of Transport, Public Works & Water Management, p. 64).

A cost-benefit analysis of cycling and walking paths in three Norweigen cities shows a benefit of at least four to five times the cost (Saelensminde, 2002).

Resources that would normally go into the construction of roads and parking spaces, lots and garages and their maintenance can be put into other areas that can improve life for all of us, such as education, landscaping, sports facilities, preservation of nature, and the arts and culture.

19. Enhanced and More Credible Metropolitan Image

By avoiding traffic traps that other cities have fallen into, residents of the Orlando metropolitan area will regard themselves and others will regard them with increased respect and admiration. Orlando with Disney--like Copenhagen with Tivoli--evokes an image of imagination and relaxing play. The image is reinforced by the presence of bicycles on citywide pathways.

20. Better Air Quality

The death toll from air pollution is substantial. The Earth Policy Institute Eco-Economy Update 2002-13 cites a World Health Organization study published in The Lancet that shows air pollution fatalities internationally now exceed traffic fatalities by 3 to 1. In the United States, about 70,000 people a year die from air pollution, equaling the deaths from breast cancer and prostate cancer combined and exceeding by about 75% the roads deaths of just over 40,000. Air pollution "probably causes a similar order of magnitude of premature deaths as traffic crashes" (Litman, 2002, November 18, p. 5). Earth Policy suggests "the need to broadly redefine notions of safety to include the goal of decreasing air pollution" (Fischlowitz-Roberts, 2002).

Exercise increases the damage to lungs as the small particulates making up sodium dioxide and other harmful mixes are able to penetrate deeper into the respiratory tract as a greater volume of pollutants are inhaled deeply (World Resource Institute).

In urban areas, according to the EPA about 40% of the hazardous air pollutants come from mobile sources (Environmental Protection Agency, 1999). Elsewhere, 80% has been cited.

Unfortunately, based on ozone concentrations, the Orlando area has received an F rating again this year on air quality from the American Lung Association, along with 58% of the counties in the US. There is no safe level for ozone (Fischlowitz-Roberts, 2002).

Our overall 5.5 most recent rating is well over the 3.3 required for a D. Despite our strategic location on a peninsula, our air is sub-par.

Specific toxins have also been getting attention lately. Here is disturbing information on two of them.

In the most recent data available from EPA, Florida ranked fourth nationwide for emissions of benzene, "with an exposure nine times the cancer benchmark concentration." Two of the three Florida counties with the highest risk are Orange and Seminole. Cars, trucks, and non-road engines released 81% of total benzene emissions (Florida residents, 2002).

Florida had the fourth highest emissions of formaldehyde in the nation. Residents were exposed to formaldehyde emissions "at levels 10 times the cancer benchmark concentration." Two of the three counties with the highest risk in Florida were Orange and Osceola, with Osceola ranking 9th in concentrations for all counties in the continental US. Cars, trucks, and non-road engines released 53% of all formaldehyde emissions (Florida residents, 2002).

Motor vehicle air pollution emissions are highest when a car is first started. It is estimated that “90% of the emissions in a 7-mile trip are generated in the first mile, before the engine warms up (Gardner, 1998). As a consequence, emissions can be reduced by 2 % to 4% by just a 1% switch from car to bike trips (Litman, 2002 November 18, p. 13).

21. Visually More Appealing Metropolitan Area

Observations suggest that when parking exceeds 9% of land area, people find the result unpleasant (Alexander, 1977, pp. 120-125). More bikes mean fewer cars out on any given day and therefore fewer parking garages, parking lots, and parking spaces filled with cars. There are places where bicycling has increased to the point that parking garage space has been converted to retail space.

22. Cleaner Surface and Ground Water

Cars pollute our lakes and groundwater; bicycles don't.

23. Quieter City

According to a report from OECD, "Transport is by far the major source of noise, ahead of building or industry, with road traffic the chief offender" (Litman, 2002, August 2, p. 14). Noise stresses people, decreasing both their ability to think and to feel well. The idea that sound barriers on I-4 will protect people from noise overlooks their amplifying effect for people in cars or light rail on I-4.

24. Slowed Pace of Global Warming

More autos on the road mean more carbon emissions that are driving global warming. Assuming no dramatic drop in temperature for December 2002, the three warmest years on record have come in the last five years (Brown, 2002). More bicycles increase the time we have to prepare for major climatic changes so as to avoid refugee and food crises.

25. More Sustainable Lifestyle

After Our Common Future--the 1987 authoritative United Nations report on sustainability--was completed, it became evident that establishing sustainable lifestyles would be the foremost challenge of the twenty first century. We are using our resources faster than they can be replenished, creating a huge ecological debt that our children will be saddled with in the future. Right now, ecological demand exceeds supply by at least 20%; there is just one earth available but we are using 1.2 earths. As recently as 1971, we were using less than .7 of an earth (Wackernagel, 2002, 9269).

Lester Brown in Eco-Economy (2001) shows how we are overusing our fisheries, soil, pasturelands and forests, and polluting the earth at the same time. He writes, “Perhaps the biggest single challenge we face is shifting from a carbon-based to a hydrogen-based energy economy, basically moving from fossil fuels to renewable sources of energy” (Brown, 2001, p. 275). Of course, fossil fuels for cars make up a big part of our carbon economy. For comparison, the Ecological Footprint of a person traveling about three miles twice each workday for autos is 1530 square meters, but for bicycles it is only about 122 square meters, which is less than one-tenth the load. (For buses, the footprint is 303 square meters) (Wackernagel,1996, p.105).

Solutions to the ecological problems we’ve created are found around the world:

Formidable though the effort to build a sustainable economy appears to be, almost all the component goals have been achieved by at least one country. China, for example, has reduced its fertility rate to below two children per woman and is thus headed for population stability within a few decades. Denmark has banned the construction of coal-fired power plants. Israel has pioneered new technologies to raise water productivity. South Korea has covered its hills and mountains with trees. Costa Rica has a national energy plan to shift entirely to renewable sources to meet its future energy needs. Germany is leading the way in a major tax-shifting exercise to reduce income taxes and to offset this with an increase in energy taxes. Iceland is planning the world’s first hydrogen-based economy. The United States has cut soil erosion by nearly 40% since 1982. The Dutch are showing the world how to build urban transport systems that give the bicycle a central role in increasing urban mobility and improving the quality of urban life. And Finland has banned the use of non-refillable beverage containers. The challenge now is for each country to put all the pieces of an eco-economy together (Bolding added; Brown, 2001, pp. 256-257).

Paths will help not only by reducing the need for the vast infrastructure needed to support automobile travel and by reducing emissions, but also by saving on the manufacture and disposal of autos. The Environment and Forecasting Institute in Heidelburg, Germany lists the following environmental costs of one car:

Extracting raw material:
26.5 tons of waste
922 million cubic meters of polluted air

Transporting raw material:
12 liters of crude oil in the ocean for each car
425 million cubic meters of polluted air

Producing the car:
1.5 tons of waste
75 million cubic meters of polluted air

Driving the car:
18.4 kilos of abrasive waste
1000 cubic meters of polluted air

Disposing of the car:
102 cubic meters of polluted air

This shows that maintenance and disposal of a car creates 60% and auto emissions create 40% of the polluted air generated for a car’s lifetime ("Bicycle activism press release kit," 1997).

26. Recognition for Leadership in Sound Environmental Policy

The Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) of February 2002 measured the performance of 142 countries. The US was ranked 51 (revised to 45) and cited as underperforming in controlling greenhouse gas emissions and in reducing waste (Environmental Sustainability Index). By controlling carbon emissions through bicycle use, Orlando can become a leader in our country as the US strives to improve its deplorable record in this area.

27. Readiness for Other Environmental Initiatives

Successfully establishing a 20% level of all trips by bicycle empowers us to tackle other challenges such as more responsibly managing our water supply.

28. Enhanced Quality of Life for Women

In settings where cycling infrastructure does not emphasize on-road cycling that appeals mainly to 20-45 year old daring, dynamic men, it is seen that women outnumber men in choosing cycling. (Lehner-Lierz, 2003, pp.126-137) When significant numbers of women cycle, this enhances the health of the society.

References here

Wednesday, November 26, 2008


I have a lot to be thankful for this year. Most of which is attributed to my health and family. But a big part of life this year has been Bike Jax and I am very thank for everything it has giving me.

Anyone that has known me for any length of time knows I have love/hate relationship with Jacksonville. I love what it could be if it had any leadership with vision and commonsense. I hate what it is. Backwards thinking and a sprawling nightmare of culdesac communities and strip malls. I think that my love/hate with Jax is what pushed me into starting Bike Jax. I got tired of hearing myself bitch about Jax and starting doing something to help make it the place I envision it could be.

Along the way I learned that I'm not alone in my quest for a better Jacksonville. This point was made clear and driven home by the fine people that make up the urban core during my crusade to put The Night Ride together. I'm so very thankful for all that those folks did and what these following people do daily to make Jacksonville a better place to live.


Visit JaxScene
Visit Globatron

I'm Thankful that I live in community that when I walk into (or even just walk by) my local shops or eateries, I'm greeted not by some guy in a plastic vest so ancient he must slouch on a stool to remain vertical. No, I am always happily greeted by the owners and no amount of discount shoddily made Chinese crap can ever replace how that makes me feel.

I am so very thankful for all the new people I have met and the new friends made because of this blog. And most importantly, I'm thankful for not being this guy.

Have a great holiday.

Monday, November 24, 2008

Commuter Profile - Abhishek “Shek” Mukherjee

Bike Jax has done quite a few commuter profiles with some of those fine folks that live the car life. But they have all lived within the urban core of Downtown, Riverside and Springfield. Where as the song says, "the living is easy." Could you Imagine yourself living car free in the suburban sprawl hell known as Baymeadows, Southside, and Tinseltown?

Meet Abhishek “Shek” Mukherjee, an India born Logistics Engineer and his adopted greyhound, Laya, living the easy life his way. Proving that even in suburbia the car free life can be prosperous and fulfilling. He gets by with two bikes (one Vintage Dutch and one Xtracycle), and a bike trailer.

The slide show below includes pictures of not only Abhishek and his dog Laya. But images of his bike setup and and the roads he has to travel on daily basis.

What do you use your bike for?
I use my bike for everyday life. I go to work, grocery stores, DVD rentals, dry cleaners, restaurants, disappointing MPO meetings, visit friends etc on my bike. I also spend a considerable amount of time waiting for traffic lights to turn green. 

How often do you ride?
I ride my bike every day

How long have you been commuting by bicycle?
Bike to work day in Jax was one of the final catalysts that made me start riding to work. I have been thinking about it since February when I moved close to work. I have been riding since 29 May 2008.

What would you say to convince someone who is considering commuting by bicycle to go for it?
I would pitch the feeling of independence that one gets by commuting by bicycle. There is a greater sense of not being dependent on your car anymore and connect with your surroundings when you ride your bike. It is cheap, it is easy, it is therapeutic, it improves your health and it is fun.

If the above excellent reasons don’t work, then I’d target personal finances and expenditures. The gas savings alone are easy to convince. Bicycle commuting and using public transit can even reduce a car ownership in a two car family which is about $4000 to $8000 annual savings in payments, insurance, maintenance and gas.

What could the City do to make biking better?
Long distance rides like 10 to 12 mile rides are really not that hard to make. One can easily work up to it. The flat and spread out nature of jacksonville dictates the need for urban bicycle trails or bicycle highways. Such urban trails that begin from a point of residence (cluster of sub-divisions) and go to a destination like the beach or the mall will provide a goal to commute by bike while making it very safe. I know it is the journey, not the destination, but it is the presence of a destination that defines a journey. Urban trails will encourage people to ride their bikes, save money, get healthy, meet neighbors and create a sense of community. I would like to see some urban trails that go along Southside, Beach Blvd., Atlantic Blvd. and something along JTB to make commuting easier. It is guaranteed to make more people get out and try bicycling as a viable option. Think about what it will do to bicycle sales! Even the bike shops can profit from this. Small local businesses, coffee shops etc can be built on these trails. People will once more afford Starbucks because they didn't buy that $4.00 gas in the last three get the picture. Infact, I would like to see coffee shops among other businesses to start giving discounts if you rode your bicycle to it. 

What reaction do you get from co-workers?
They thought I was crazy when I started riding to work. Most didn't think I would last over a week. They gave me stories about bicycle crashes, motorist negligence and failed bicycle commuting attempts of other people and pretty much every play in the book to dissuade me. I even got a lot of resistance towards riding on the roads as opposed to sidewalks. Some still think that I impede traffic. They got a lot more supportive when I continued after the first two weeks of riding. I keep getting offered rides. Even the VP of my department has commended me for it. Motivated by my gas savings, a good friend and coworker got himself a bike and started commuting 3.5 miles one way. He has stopped for a while due to the uncertain rains and storms as he carries a laptop.
Now that I am car-free, I get a lot of criticism. Friends and coworkers do not think that is possible. They ask me if I am going to start hunting for my own food too! I can do anything I need to by car-pooling, xtra-cycling or hiring a taxi.

What’s the best thing about commuting by bicycle?
The strongest reason for me to start commuting by bicycle was to live a more physically active life so I can get healthy and lose weight. I am not a fan of working out at the gym. After riding for a while, the best thing that propels me is the sheer independence. We think we are living independently but we really are extremely dependent on our cars. That is an oxymoron to be independent through dependence! It is the first feeling to hit me when I was in the third week of riding my bike and had not driven more than 2 times in those three weeks. 
Moreover, the money savings are very motivating. I divert a part of my gas savings towards my savings account and the remaining towards eating out and travel. It is like giving yourself a small raise. Once I sold the car, it felt like giving myself a huge raise!

Can you give a brief description of your route?
My route starts off on a lazy two lane road outside my apartment complex. The lanes are very wide and are separated by a very wide and tree lined median. A short hill later, I enter the service road which is two narrow lanes with no shoulder and no median. The service road ends outside a church where I jump on a short stretch of sidewalk. It is the easiest and safest way to get to the Southside and the AC Skinner/Deerwood intersection. I wait in line with the other cars at the intersection. The signal does not actuate if I am standing alone. Sometimes, I wait for over two cycles till another vehicle comes by to actuate it. Aah, the good times! After crossing Southside Blvd, I ride along Deerwood towards Gate Parkway along well manicured lawns and tree lined roads. Riding along the eye-pleasing road makes up for the absence of any bike lane whatsoever. This stretch of road is lined by office buildings and I get to be on the road with a lot of frustrated Monday morning drivers. Life is good. The tree lined section ends after a few minutes of being on Deerwood almost as suddenly as the road turns into a two lane with no median and no shoulder. The sidewalks are also intermittent and a pain to use. I maintain 3 feet from the curb and control the lane when a large vehicle approaches with no room to overtake. With all this action at 7:55 am, life just keeps getting better. Once I cross Gate Parkway, it is a short half mile cruise to the bike rack at my building. The total distance is 2 miles one way. 

Where are your favorite places to bike in Jacksonville? Least favorite?
My favorite place to ride is along AC Skinner Parkway between Southside Blvd and Belfort Road. It is a very quiet ride with minimal traffic and only one eyesore of a condo complex along the way. Lesser number of Eyesore Sprawls = More Pleasure to Ride. 
The least favorite would be anywhere along strip-mall-infested roads which is pretty much every where in the First Coast. Particularly along St. Johns Town Center (strip) Mall. That place needs some trees to cut the wind down. It is a pain to ride in such a head wind looking at drab strip malls. Riding along San Jose between Baymeadows and the South Mandarin Library is a pain too. That road is Strip Mall Central! It has tons of driveways entering the road and no bike lanes. Actually, even bike lanes are just as dangerous on that road. We need dedicated protected bike paths, something like NYC's ..between 9th Avenue in Chelsea. 

What do you like about biking in Jacksonville? And dislike?
There is nothing I like about bicycling in Jacksonville. It sounds blunt but the fact is that my patience has peaked. I see a lot of effort on a local level to promote bicycles for commuting like Bikejax, especially with the phenomenal turn out at The Night Ride. That gives hope. I have also seen few city bikes make it to the bike stores. That would be a good sight to see other than only road bikes, mountain bikes and beach cruisers. I think economics will push every city to embrace bicycle commuting on some level. 

Have you ever combined transit and biking or used a bus bike rack?
I have never attempted a multi modal transit. Mostly because none of my destinations are on easy bus routes. Moreover, I would hate to miss a bus and wait an hour for the next. Buses are not really an effective source of Plan B for a commuter in most parts of this city and there are no other modes. 

Do you commute in cycling or street clothing? And if cycling clothing, how to handle the change to street?
I am a slightly portly guy and I don’t think anyone would like to see me in bike shorts and lycra! I ride to work in business clothes on my opafiet (dutch bike). I don’t wear a helmet when I ride the city bike. I wear shorts and a t-shirt on my longer rides. Longer rides are on my Specialized MTB Xtracycle. Sometimes, I carry an extra t-shirt if the distance is too long and I want to be a little presentable. I have a pair of Ponderosa shorts that look like regular cargo shorts but they have a padded lining inside. Those shorts keep me comfortable on my 10 mile one way rides and I can look like a normal human being at the end of it and not a triathlete on a mission! I do own a few fast wicking training t-shirts that keep me dry on the longer rides. I usually change into a cotton t-shirt at the end of my ride. 

Any bike gadget/gear cyclists should not go out without?
I always carry a spare tube, tire removing levers, an air pump, an adjustable wrench and a tool-set. Blinkie lights are helpful and so is a decently powerful head light. Mine is a three AA battery powered unit that has a wide beam and all motorists can see me in the dark. Also comfortable pedals and shoes are important. 

Are you a member of any cycling organizations/clubs? If so, which ones?
There are no bicycle commuting organizations in Jacksonville that I know of. I am not particularly interested in recreational riding. I would like to go touring on my bicycle some day, so I read a few blogs about it. 

Favorite or Funny bike stories?
The Night Ride turned into a Somewhat-Critical-Somewhat-Considerate-Mass. I was a part of it and it was the most exhilarating experience to be a part of one in a city like Jacksonville. The memories of Chevy Suburbans stranded among an ocean of unhurried bicyclists will always be remembered. This ride is going to be raved about till Night Ride 2.0

Scary bike stories?
A JTA bus passed by me very closely on the 2 lane part of Deerwood with oncoming traffic. Too close for comfort. I did not have my mirrors then. Now, I watch for large vehicles in my new mirror, control the lane and signal them to stay behind me till it is safe. 

Anything else you would like to add?
I recommend everyone to read the book "Divorce your Car" by Katie Alvord. It is a fantastic history lesson explaining America's dependency on oil and cars and suggests a lot of methods for living car-free or car-lite. I would like to persuade the city to make roads more bike commuter friendly. It will go a long way in improving the city's local economy. 

UPS Back To Its Roots This Holiday Season

UPS was founded in 1907 by a couple of Seattle bike messengers and it seems that after all these years thing have finally come full circle for the company known as Brown.

UPS pedals this holiday’s packages

The Register-Guard
Published: Nov 22, 2008 08:58AM

Home: Story
Dodging car doors and ignoring the persistent complaints of his quads, Jesse Wendel pedals, the 200-trailered pounds behind him a painfully obvious shadow.

Most days, the UPS driver is behind the wheel of a mammoth truck.

But this holiday season, he’s downgrading from four wheels to two.

Slammed with extra packages for the holidays, the company is dispatching its own fleet of bicycles on the West Coast to save on gas and increase the speed of deliveries.

“With today’s economy we’re trying to find ways to conserve fuel and lessen our carbon footprint,” explained UPS business manager Jim Hagle of Eugene. “Anything we can do to get people in shape and reduce miles — that’s what we want to do.”

Read Full Story

Saturday, November 22, 2008

Zombies Bikes Sunday Potluck

Zombie Bikes has a few events coming up and I'll let you know more about them as they get closer. This Sunday (11/23) Zombie is hosting a veggie friendly potluck at the CO-OP.

If you have not yet been over and checked out Zombie Bikes. Plan a trip over Sunday afternoon hang out and finally get that long overdue chance to eat at the cool kids table.

2 Pm Sunday (11/23)
Zombie Bikes
1520 N. Main St.
[email protected]

Friday, November 21, 2008

Avoiding The Bummer Life

How To Avoid The Bummer Life (HTATBL) is the official blog of those super bacon loving, 666 number crunching, mustache worshiping fun loving wackos (and I mean wackos in all the best ways) guys of Swobo.

HTATBL is by far one of the most entertaining cycling blogs in the cycling industry. I know a lot of you in the Southeast haven't felt the Swobo love. If you haven't, you should check them out as they make an outstanding line of products.

Bike Jax and The Night Ride has made the big time with an official mention on the most recent post on HTATBL. So what if it's over month after the event. Break out the bacon, start growing that sweet, sweet 'stache and let's spent this fine friday partying like it's 666.

Have a great weekend. This is the way video games should be played. If it were, we'd have lot fewer little pudgy kids blocking the isles of super walmart.

Tuesday, November 18, 2008

B/PAC Meeting Thursday

It is time for the bimonthly meeting of the Bicycle Pedestrian Advisory Committee (B/PAC) this Thursday. I hope you will make plans and attend.

Thursday Nov. 20th
5:00 PM
1022 Prudential Dr.
Jacksonville, FL 32207

I have also noticed a name change on the MPO website. What used to be First Coast MPO (Metropolitan Planning Organization) is now North Florida TPO (Transportation Planning Organization) I like the name change. The MPO name was little confusing as to what the MPO does for the general public. While North Florida Transportation Planning Organization pretty much ends any confusion as to what they do.

This should be an interesting meeting. Apparently I upset someone with my post concerning the last meeting. And judging by their statement below (excepted from this months agenda book(PDF)) they didn't read the post in it's entirety.

Click for larger

What Copenhagen Rush hour looks like.

Thursday, November 13, 2008

Video Dump for Your Friday Enjoyment

Here are a few videos I have been sitting on for sometime and just never got around to sharing with you. I'm aware that posts have been scarce lately and promise you that Bike Jax will be back on track soon and bust'n chops.

Grandma on a Bike

Hutchinson Tires Urban Video 2008

TopShop Podcast

And finally this what I expect to resemble after tonight's BIKEVEMBERFEST!
Batman on Drugs


Here is the Scoop for Friday night's Bikevemberfest.

Start you evening at Flux Gallery

"Since our inception we have made an honest effort to showcase the abundant talent here in Jacksonville. On Friday, November 14th we will feature the artist Mark Hilpert. Although Hilpert is no longer with us, his work still warrants the admiration of many who knew him or simply have connected with his artistic path. The show will be curated by Raef Godwin who was one of Mark’s dear friends. The basis for this retrospective is to accomplish two things: 1. To earn enough money to start a scholarship in Mark Hilpert’s name that will provide support to local artists that need it and 2. To make works available to the public so that his talent continues to inspire others.
Per Raef Godwin:
Mark Hilpert was an artist of immense talent. He was also a dear friend. In 2006, both were lost too early. Through the showing of his art at Flux, I hope to further honor the work and the friend. His work shows a depth, passion and insight rarely seen. It is work from the soul.
It is fitting that one of the great local artists to come out of Jacksonville has a showing at a gallery that champions local Jacksonville art. It would make him proud. Since his death, I have taken on two goals to honor his memory– getting his art in the hands & homes of people who appreciate it, and attempting to fund an FCCJ photography scholarship in his name through the sale of his art. I invite you to experience his work on Friday, November 14, at Flux Studio/Gallery

Then jump on your trusty steed and head over to Shanty Town for some local flavor.

Then a quick pedal over to the Burrito Gallery for Biggie Tea's Birthday Bash.

"So I have decided to throw (or if you are from new jares) trow my own birthday jam. Its BIKEVEMBERFEST! Come by bike and there is no cover. Come by car and say you came by bike and there is no cover! We will be passing the hat because nobody around here gets paid anyway and our insurance renewal is up at the BBB. So support your local bike co-op, recycle and waxy fabric bag shop, and record store. And enjoy $2 orange parks and $2 millerburgs and some other hourly shot speshes. THATS RIGHT SON!

Oh yeah. Starts at happy hourish. But then the entertainment starts when people start carrying heavy things toward the stage and asking people to move. FUN

Angry Kid: Road Hog

Found this over at Atom Films.


Monday, November 10, 2008

Burro's New Roll Top

During this past weekends Five Points First Friday's I had the chance to check out Burro Bags new Roll Top Messenger Backpack. I have to say that despite my bias for local goods and services. Chris and Matt of Burro are producing one of the finest products to ever come out Jacksonville.

The quality and workmanship of each successive bag just gets more refined with each product they release. The Roll Top Messenger Backpack with it's waxed canvas exterior and multiple internal pockets and large external zippered pocket is one of the finest bags I have ever laid hands on by any manufacture. The Roll Top bag is also absolutely cavernous in it's ability to swallow just about anything you will need to carry.

Roll Top Specs:
+Inside Pockets - 2 Side and 1 Large Zippered
+Outside Pockets - Large Double Layered Pouch Pocket
+Padded Shoulders Straps w/ Side Release Buckles
+Waist Strap
+Floating Liner
+Padded Plastic Reinforced Back

Sizes (Width x Height x Depth)
14 x 18 x 8 - $250
16 x 20 x 10 - $300

I know this may read like I'm gushing. But as anyone who knows me, knows that I'm not one to pull punches. I'm a fairly honest guy and not afraid speak what others are thinking. Believe me when I say that if these guys at Burro were dicks or their products were crap, I would surely let you know. But they aren't and neither are their products crap. The Christmas season is fast approaching and you won't do better than getting that special cyclist in your life a Burro Bag. Burro has bags in a variety of sizes and price points. Get your orders in early as every Burro Bag is made to order by hand.

REI's Bike You Drive

"Riding a bike for errands, shopping and commuting is easier—and more fun—than you think. There's no need for special clothes, fancy shoes or Lance-like legs. Ease into the saddle with REI's roundup of cycling tips and resources." From REI's Bike Your Drive Site

Recreational Equipment, Inc. (REI) has launched an online resource created to inspire more people to cycle by exposing myths and breaking down common barriers associated with using a bicycle as an alternate means of transportation.

Released November 6, 2008 by Business Wire
SEATTLE -- Recreational Equipment, Inc. (REI) has launched, an online resource created to inspire more people to cycle by exposing myths and breaking down common barriers associated with using a bicycle as an alternate means of transportation.
The site offers helpful "how-to" video demonstrations, a calculator to show environmental, caloric and financial "savings," and recommended cycling gear essentials. Online expert advice and other tools assist riders of all skill levels in understanding proper safety procedures, bike maintenance and the rules of the road.
Nationwide, urban bicycle sales have increased substantially in 2008 as more people are riding their bicycles around town to save money, get exercise and cut down on traffic congestion. However, less than one percent of all U.S. trips are still made by bicycle(1) even though 40 percent of most trips are one mile or less(2).
"REI continues to see increased interest in using bicycles to get to work, the coffee shop or just for running errands around town," says Brian Foley, REI's product manager for cycling. "You don't have to wear spandex to ride your bike," Foley adds, "Our website and maintenance classes make it easier and less intimidating to garner the many benefits of bicycling for the individual and planet."
With this online tool, aspiring cyclists can input mileage to calculate the calories burned, carbon emissions reduced and money saved by riding a bicycle instead of driving. For example, a rider that completes 50 miles per week burns 2,350 calories, saves $11 in gas, and reduces carbon dioxide emissions by 48 pounds, simply by not using a gas-powered car. In one year, riding 50 miles per week burns 122,200 calories, saves $572 in gas and reduces carbon dioxide emissions by 2,496 pounds.
With more than 100 stores across the country, REI is known for inspiring and educating to help individuals become comfortable and safe while recreating outdoors. When it comes to cycling, the co-op offers a variety of bicycle brands in stores and online, including the award-winning Novara bicycle line. REI bicycle shops offer tools, experience and resources to help keep bicycles tuned-up through the season. Riders may attend maintenance classes or work directly with the bike shop for quick assembly, on-going tune-ups or repairs. Some stores offer REI Outdoor School and maintenance classes for women only. To view available bike shops and events, visit and click on "store locator."

While we don't have an REI anywhere in the State of Florida, you are able to to shop the greatest recreational outfitters co-op in the world online. Or, if you are seeking and excuse to make a trip to Atlanta then you will have four (yes, 4) locations to choose from.

Evel Knievel Bike Safety

Click on Image For Full View

From the comic, " The Perilous Traps of Mr. Danger".

Thursday, November 6, 2008

Downtown Vision Hangs Up Bikes For Segways

As I walked through Hemming Plaza during last nights Art Walk. I was more than a little surprised to see a Downtown Ambassador rolling towards me on a brand new Segway. When she approached me, I asked, "What's with the Segways? Are the bicycles just too efficient? The Ambassador jokingly responsed, "yea, all that riding around was keeping me way too fit." She then followed up with, "the Segway was better because unlike a bike she could stop and talk to people". I was standing next to a fellow artist/cyclist and our only response to that last statement was to turn each with that quizzical look to see if the other had heard the statement correctly. You can't stop and talk people on bike? Really?

I am and have been a fan and supporter of the Ambassadors along with Downtown Vision (DVI). Despite some serious lack of vision at times, DVI has been and continues to be exceptional driving force for downtown development.

But (you knew there had to one), in an area of Jacksonville where walking and cycling are the two most perfect forms of transportation. Segways are completely the wrong choice for what is the most visible group in Downtown. It sends the wrong message to an already over weight population. I also believe that DVI and the Ambassadors being as visible as they are should be walking and biking. The Ambassadors are the best examples we have on daily basis on just how easy it is to move around downtown by bike and walking. I stood for some time and watched as the ambassador worked her way through the Art Walk crowds. The thing that really stood out to me was how disruptive the Segway was to the traffic flow of the pedestrians. People walking would give that Segway contraption a wide berth unable or unsure to determine where it was headed. While those same pedestrians had no problem navigating with the cyclists that were moving through the crowds.

DVI could have done so much more with the $12,000 that was spent on two Segways. They could have outfitted every ambassador with their own bike and gear. Bike Jax would also have been more than happy to provide the training that would allow those newly biked ambassadors to apply the brakes in such a manor as to allow them to stop and talk to people. I think that Downtown Vision's was a little blurred with this decision.

Tuesday, November 4, 2008


Unless you have been living under a rock for the past 2 years. You know today is the big day. Don't forget to get out and vote if you haven't already done so.